Diabetic Eye Exam

Diabetic eye exam

What we look for in the eye during a diabetic eye exam

People who are diabetic can develop damage to the retina, called diabetic retinopathy, which if left untreated, can lead to blindness.  During a diabetic eye exam, your doctor will dilate your eyes and look for changes in your retina, which could be indicative of various eye diseases associated with diabetes.

Eye diseases associated with diabetes

Background diabetic retinopathy (bdr)-is a disease that usually affects the peripheral retina, and can be viewed as an early warning sign that more serious damage/disease, such as npdr, pdr, and dme,  may occur in the future.

Bdr is characterized by changes in the retina that manifest themselves as microaneurisms, hemorrhages, and hard exudates.

microaneurisms-

hemorrhages-

hard exudates-

once diagnosed, bdr should never be ignored because the presence of these changes in the retina means that some blood vessel damage has already ocurred.

non proliferative diabetic retinopathy (npdr)-

proliferative diabetic retinopathy (pdr)-

diabetic macular edema (dme)-

neovascular glaucoma-see link to neovascular glaucoma

retinal detachment

Treatment

Prevention

 

 

 

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